Student Specific Accommodation (SSA) is housing built or designated for students and used for the sole purpose of providing residential accommodation to students during the academic term. The Residential Tenancies Act (Amendment) Act 2019 brought SSA under the remit of the Residential Tenancies Board on 15th July 2019.
This legislation means that Higher Educational Institutions, such as universities or colleges, who provide SSA to students during the academic year are within the RTB’s remit. The legislation also clarifies that SSA provided by the private sector is clearly within the jurisdiction of the RTB, regardless of whether there is a lease or license agreement in place.
This also mean that all tenancies / licences entered into on or after 15th August 2019 must be registered with the RTB.
By being under the RTB’s remit, landlords whose tenancies are registered with the RTB, tenants and licencees in SSA will all have access to the RTB Disputes Resolution process. This service can be used for issues such as rent reviews and rent setting, deposits, breaches of obligation including anti-social behaviour and issues relating to maintenance. Student tenants can use the RTB Dispute Resolution service even if their landlord has not registered their tenancy. Further information on the Dispute Resolution service, can be accessed here.
You have managed to secure a place in college and now it’s time to find somewhere to live. Finding accommodation at this time of year can be a challenge, as there is often an influx of new and returning college students. Although it can be tempting, you should not sign a tenancy agreement or pay a deposit for the first place you see - take some time to view other properties and find somewhere that can best meet your needs. All landlords who rent to students are required to register their tenancies with the RTB. You can check online to see if your tenancy has been registered, or you can ask the landlord when they will be registering the tenancy.
All providers of property services (Letting Agents, Auctioneers, Estate Agents, Management Agents) operating in the Republic of Ireland are required by law to hold a PSRA licence. For further information visit www.psr.ie and to check the public register of licenced property service providers click here.
When viewing accommodation available to rent, remember that a landlord or agent can't discriminate against you because of your age, gender or sexual orientation. Click here for more information about the equality legislation that covers private rented accommodation.
When viewing accommodation available to rent, check that it meets basic minimum standards. All rented accommodation must meet a certain number of basic requirements, for example, hot and cold water must be available to the tenant. The Local Authority where the tenancy is located is responsible for making sure your accommodation complies with the minimum standards. Local authorities carry out inspections of rented accommodation to ensure the basic requirements are provided for tenants. If a landlord does not provide the basic requirements, they may be prosecuted. Landlords are encouraged to conduct regular inspections of their rented property, but should arrange these inspections with the tenant, providing adequate notice. Tenants are entitled to privacy in their accommodation and this should be respected by landlords.
Landlords will often ask for a deposit at the start of the tenancy. There are no legal guidelines as to how much of a deposit should be paid, however, the usual amount is one months’ rent. A landlord holds the deposit until the end of the tenancy and should return it promptly when the tenancy ends. To ensure you get your full deposit back, it is important to follow the conditions outlined in the tenancy agreement, keep the property in a good condition, and return the accommodation in the same way it was provided. It is also important to remember that in some cases, a landlord may be entitled to keep a portion of the deposit.
For example, if you have not paid your rent and are in rent arrears at the end of a tenancy, a landlord may keep all, or a portion of, the deposit to cover the arrears. If there is damage to the property that is in excess of normal wear and tear, a landlord may keep all or a portion of the deposit to repair any damage done. If you are in a fixed term tenancy (e.g. 12-month tenancy) and leave the tenancy before the end of the fixed term, a landlord may be entitled to keep your deposit or deduct a portion of it to offset the costs of re-letting the accommodation and any rent lost from the fixed term.
Remember to get a receipt from your landlord when you pay a deposit, and if possible, do not pay a deposit in cash. Ideally, you should only pay a deposit once you have viewed the property and are happy with the terms of the tenancy agreement.
Click here for a checklist that is helpful when seeking the return of a deposit.
If you are sharing accommodation with friends or other students, be clear at the start of the tenancy that you are all aware of the information contained within the tenancy agreement, and your rights and responsibilities as tenants. For example, if three people sign a fixed-term tenancy agreement, and one tenant leaves the tenancy early, the other two tenants are now responsible for ensuring the total rent is paid. Tenants should make sure they have the contact details of the landlord or agent working on their behalf and should maintain open lines of communication with their landlord.
A Rent Pressure Zone (RPZ) is a designated area where rents cannot be increased by more than general inflation, as recorded by the Harmonised Index of the Consumer Price (HICP). This applies to new and existing tenancies (unless an exemption is being applied). Previously, RPZs could not see an increase in rent of more than 4% annually. Since 16th July 2021, the 4% formula was replaced by the HICP. More information on HICP can be found here.
On the commencement of a new tenancy in a Rent Pressure Zone, a landlord is required to provide the tenant, in writing, with the following information:
It is important to remember that not all tenancies located in Rent Pressure Zones are subject to the Rent Pressure Zone rules. For example, if a property is new to the rental market and has not been rented at any time in the previous 2 years, it does not fall under the Rent Pressure Zone restrictions. Properties which have undergone a substantial change are also excluded from the Rent Pressure Zone restrictions. Click here for more information on tenancies in Rent Pressure Zones.
2019 legislation brought changes to the law that places Student Specific Accommodation under the remit of the Residential Tenancies Board. Student Specific Accommodation is housing built or designated specifically for students.
This means that if you are renting from a Student Specific Accommodation provider you now have access to the RTB Disputes Resolution process. This service can be used by all tenants to resolve issues such as; rent reviews and rent setting, deposits, breaches of obligation including anti-social behaviour, and issues relating to standards and maintenance.
Further information on the Dispute Resolution service, can be accessed here.