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How do I prepare for a Tribunal

Following a mediation or adjudication hearing, if any party is unhappy with the outcome, they have the right to appeal to a Tenancy Tribunal. A Tenancy Tribunal hearing is a full re-hearing of all the relevant facts of the dispute. Even though the case has already been dealt with by an adjudicator or a mediator, both parties have the opportunity to present the case in its entirety and the Tenancy Tribunal will make a decision on the information presented to it. Parties will be provided with an opportunity to submit any further evidence they deem relevant to their case to the Residential Tenancies Board (RTB) prior to the Tribunal hearing.

While preparing a case, it is important to present the information in a clear and comprehensive way.

Documentation, case preparation and evidence 

An important factor in preparing a case for presentation to the Tribunal is to arrange the facts of the dispute in chronological order, and to make sure the information is presented in an understandable and straight-forward way. To assist the Tribunal, documentation and evidence submitted should be clearly categorised and a cover note setting out the contents should be attached. Numerous documents should be bound, where possible, with page numbers. Five identical copies should be sent to the RTB as soon as possible, at the latest 5 days before the hearing is scheduled. It is at the discretion of the Tribunal whether they will submit documentation submitted after the deadline.  

A copy of all evidence should be submitted to the RTB at least 5 days before the hearing.. These documents may consist of invoices, photographs, bank statements, the tenancy/lease agreement (s), Notice of Termination etc. 

All submissions of evidence relevant to the case will be copied over to the other party. Documentation of no relevance to the tenancy in question should not be submitted and will not be copied to the Tribunal unless you can show the relevance of the evidence submitted. Documents marked “without prejudice” will not be circulated. For more information on evidence, please click here.  

The relevance of the documentation to the tenancy/dispute is the primary issue to bear in mind when submitting documentation. Specified documentation may not be permitted into evidence if it is not appropriate or relevant to the dispute. Please note that information/documentation submitted, including correspondence addressed to the RTB, will be circulated to all parties to the dispute, to include representatives, as well as the Tribunal. The onus is on the parties to remove or redact any information that they do not want to be circulated. Documentation of no relevance to the tenancy in question should not be submitted. Documentation that is not being circulated will not be held on file and will be immediately returned to the party submitting the evidence.  

If the documentation submitted includes items such as a letter from a person that is not a party to the dispute or personal information relating to a non-party, the consent of that party to the circulation of this documentation/information must be obtained in advance of circulation. They must also be provided with the documentation in question. 

If documentation submitted, such as a newspaper clippings, is  an attempt to cause damage to the good name of a party to a dispute (or also a non-party) in relation to an issue that is not necessarily relevant to the dispute (or is undoubtedly completely irrelevant to the dispute), the RTB will notify the party submitting the documentation that, provisionally, it will be redacted or cannot be circulated. The party must explain the basis upon which the offending document was submitted if they remain of the view that the documentation should be submitted.

Where a document submitted appears to have been unlawfully obtained or is documentation the submitting party should not have in their possession, the RTB will notify the party submitting the documentation that, provisionally, it will be redacted or cannot be circulated. The party must explain the basis upon which the offending document was submitted. 

The Tribunal will only consider evidence given in on the day in exceptional circumstances and only if necessary in the interests of justice. 

You can bring as many relevant witnesses as you wish with you to the Tribunal hearing. If you need to have a witness summoned to appear on your behalf, you must ask the RTB at least 10 days before the day of the hearing. The Tribunal will consider the request and, if it agrees, it will issue a subpoena (a summons or an order) ordering the witness to attend and give evidence at the hearing at a stated time. Witnesses have the same rights as if they were appearing before the High Court. 

List of Tribunals scheduled for the coming week 

A case can be appealed or referred to a Tribunal after an adjudication or mediation if one or both parties are not happy. Tribunals are held weekly. 

A Tribunal takes place if any party wishes to appeal the Adjudicator’s decision within 10 working days of issue of the Adjudicator's report or in the case where an agreement was reached at Adjudication, within 10 calendar days (of the date of the agreement). In the event that mediation is unsuccessful and any of the parties request a Tribunal hearing within 10 calendar days from the date of the agreement/the date the mediation was deemed unsuccessful. 

In exceptional circumstances the RTB may refer a dispute directly to the Tribunal, that is where there appears to be imminent risk of damage to the dwelling or danger to the parties. 

A Tribunal hearing is a public hearing. 

The Tribunal determination of a dispute is binding if not appealed to the High Court within 21 days. 

Please note that whilst these Tribunal hearings are scheduled and this table is accurate at the time of posting, hearings may be cancelled at short notice.  An up to date status of all hearings listed can be obtained by emailing . 


If you would like to attend a Tribunal hearing as an observer, please contact


In person: 


Virtual hearings: 


Guidelines for Attending a Public Hearing can be found here